Mesopotamia- Combined Indo-European and native people in Asia Minor formed the Hittite kingdom, 1750 BCE. The capital of the Hittite kingdom was Hattusha, now called Bogazk"oy in modern Turkey. The Hittites began to spread outward by 1600 BCE, and began to establish an empire. After years of conflict, the Hittites established a non-aggression treaty with Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II. The Hittite Empire was destroyed, 1200 BCE, by invaders from the sea.