Upper Egypt and Arabian Desert- The Hyksos migrated into the delta region of the upper Nile, 1652 - 1557 BCE. This migration initiated a second age of chaos in Egypt, since the Hyksos perpetrated frequent attacks and raids upon Egyptian cities. The Hyksos spoke Semitic languages and originated on the Arabian peninsula. The Hyksos introduced the Egyptians to Bronze Age technology. The Hyksos also taught the Egyptians modern techniques of agriculture and warfare, including the horse-drawn chariot, heavier swords and compound bows.