Greece, Northern Mediterranean- 1600- 1100 BCE -- The Mycenaean Greeks were Indo-European speaking peoples who spread from southwestern Europe, India and Iran. Mycenaean culture is marked by fortified palace-centers, which were built on hills surrounded by stone walls. Royal families would live within the city-wall structure, while citizens would live outside them. The Mycenaeans used tombs built into hillsides called tholos tombs. Mycenaean Civilization was a warrior civilization ruled by monarchy. The civilization began to weaken, and ultimately was burned by 1100 BCE.