469 - 399 BCE- One of the most important and renowned Greek Philosophers, Socrates teachings and methods are preserved in Western Civilization to this day. Socrates believed that the goal of education was to improve the individual. His teaching method, known today as 'Socratic Method' involves leading students to understanding through questions that allow them to figure out the answers on their own. Socrates also believed that all individuals possess all real knowledge. Individuals could bring out this real knowledge through self-examination and introspection. Socrates' students are also among Western Civilization's most renowned scholars, these include Plato, and indirectly Plato's student, Aristotle.